By Saul M. Olyan
Psychological and actual incapacity, ubiquitous in texts of the Hebrew Bible, obtain their first thoroughgoing therapy during this monograph. Olyan seeks to reconstruct the Hebrew Bible's specific rules of what's disabling and their power social ramifications. Biblical representations of incapacity and biblical type schemas - either specific and implicit - are in comparison to these of the Hebrew Bible's greater historical West Asian cultural context, and to these of the later Jewish biblical interpreters who produced the lifeless Sea Scrolls. This learn may also help the reader achieve a deeper and extra sophisticated realizing of the ways that biblical writers built hierarchically major distinction and privileged definite teams (e.g., people with "whole" our bodies) over others (e.g., folks with actual "defects"). It additionally explores how historic interpreters of the Hebrew Bible equivalent to the Qumran sectarians reproduced and reconfigured previous biblical notions of incapacity and previous category types for his or her personal contexts and ends.
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Additional info for Disability in the Hebrew Bible: Interpreting Mental and Physical Differences
The Yhwh of this text chooses an unattractive person as his servant and favors him with esteem, much in contrast to the Yhwh who prefers the beautiful in texts, such as 1 Sam 9:2. Other passages also depart from the typical view either by insisting that beauty be coupled with wisdom or piety in order to be of worth, or by taking a generally skeptical or even negative position on beauty. Some texts praise a combination of physical beauty and wisdom, knowledge or 13:40 P1: KNP 9780521888073c01 CUFX262/Olyan 24 978 0 521 88807 3 April 16, 2007 CONSTRUCTIONS OF BEAUTY AND UGLINESS piety in the same individual, instead of focusing exclusively on physical attractiveness.
At), and other verses of Lev 22:18–25 make clear that almost all animals with “defects” are unacceptable to Yhwh as a sacrifice (vv. 16 Glosses on Deut 15:21 and 17:1 establish an explicit association between the presence of a “defect” and ugliness: “If there is a ‘defect’ in it – lame or blind, any ugly ‘defect’ – you shall not sacrifice it to Yhwh your god” (Deut 15:21). em mego’al), impure and like all impure things or persons, utterly unacceptable in a sanctuary setting. This association of impurity and “defect” will eventually be applied explicitly to the human “defect” of blindness in the Temple Scroll from Qumran; it is possible that such an association is also evidenced in 2 Sam 5:8b, although this must remain uncertain.
An exception: circumcision The treatment of male circumcision in the biblical text illustrates the degree to which “defects” are constructions belonging to a particular social and cultural context. Like many “defects,” circumcision is an imposed physical alteration to the body. It might be compared to 20:59 P1: KNP 9780521888073c02 CUFX262/Olyan 978 0 521 88807 3 AN EXCEPTION: CIRCUMCISION March 17, 2008 37 cutting off a lip or an eyelid because it involves the removal of a naturally occurring skin covering on part of the body, exposing that which lies beneath.
Disability in the Hebrew Bible: Interpreting Mental and Physical Differences by Saul M. Olyan