By Feinberg Hsiai
The publication is a set of memoirs on well-known Soviet physicists of the twentieth century, comparable to Tamm, Vavilov, Sakharov, Landau and others. The memoirs have been initially written in Russian through E L Feinberg. The narrative is located inside a remarkably well-described historic, cultural and social context. Of designated curiosity are the chapters dedicated to Soviet and German atomic tasks.
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Extra info for Physicists: Epoch and Personalities (History of Modern Physical Sciences)
This is, of course, another intuitive statement. I. I. does not think that “we have” to do it and so does not do it. Therefore Einstein is a materialist, although on the preceding page he says: “I can not prove that my concept is true but this is my religion”. Here the word religion does not, of course, have anything in common with a standard notion, Einstein uses it purely metaphorically; on the principal distinction between the religious faith and the trust into an intuitive statement in science see [Feinberg (1992), Ch.
Discovered, in particular, was an astonishing paradox: A quantum particle can go through a “potential barrier”, through the domain, in which its kinetic energy is smaller than its potential one! This phenomenon is completely impossible in classical physics, makes no sense in it, violates the law of energy conservation. However, due to the wave properties of a particle, it takes place. Called later a “tunnel eﬀect” (in the paper of our authors this term is still absent) it plays nowadays a great role in physics and technics13 .
One should not deal with N”. I. could have “good” ambitions. But above them was his selfrespect that did not allow him to mix a humiliating “ﬁght for priority” with questions related to science, to comprehending the truth, even when he himself internally suﬀered from a complete injustice. E. Tamm, and almost all the physicists of Mandelstam school (including those, unfortunately much more rarely, belonging to the next generations) also behaved in the same way. These cases of the unjust oblivion of Mandelstam’s name seem to constitute some kind of a pattern.
Physicists: Epoch and Personalities (History of Modern Physical Sciences) by Feinberg Hsiai