By Fabio Rizi
Benedetto Croce and Italian Fascism offers a distinct research of the political lifetime of the foremost Italian thinker and literary determine Benedetto Croce (1866-1952). counting on a number assets hardly used earlier than in Croce stories - together with police records, archival fabrics, and the non-public variation of Croce's diaries, the Taccuini, released lately - Fabio Rizi paints an evocative photograph of Croce within the fascist era.
Rizi reconsiders Croce's contribution to the fight opposed to fascism, and demonstrates that Croce's anti-fascist resistance was once no longer passive, as such a lot critics have argued, yet fairly lively in either the political and cultural arenas. through the ebook, he indicates the interaction among Croce's highbrow job and the political occasions of the time. His vast study finds Croce's personal shut touch with the most important gamers of the underground activities, and the truth that the fascist experts looked Croce as an enemy of the regime.
Tracing Croce's lifestyles from his start in 1866 to his dying in 1952, this stylish biography sustains a constant scope all through: to explain former misunderstandings and to raised get pleasure from Croce's contributions to the reason for freedom. Well-documented and well-written, Benedetto Croce and Italian Fascism bargains a serious and interesting contribution to Croce studies.
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Benedetto Croce and Italian Fascism presents a different research of the political lifetime of the foremost Italian thinker and literary determine Benedetto Croce (1866-1952). hoping on a number of assets hardly ever used ahead of in Croce reports - together with police files, archival fabrics, and the non-public variation of Croce's diaries, the Taccuini, released in recent times - Fabio Rizi paints an evocative photo of Croce within the fascist period.
Extra resources for Benedetto Croce and Italian Fascism
18 During the war, compared to his cultural work, Croce's direct interventions in political affairs remained rather limited and can be characterized as patriotic and liberal. ' The policy of isolation, imposed by the 'maximalist' faction on the Socialist Party, against the protests of Turati, proved fatal both to socialism and to democracy during and after the war. Croce also praised the army for giving moral cohesion to the Italian people, through the education and the discipline it imparted to millions of peasants.
He even believed that Italy's interests lay with the Central Powers, and regarded an intervention against Germany as an act of betrayal. Though he certainly had no sympathy for Austria and its obtuse policies, he had strong ties with German culture and allowed these feelings, for a while, to interfere with his political judgment. Despite his pro- 28 Benedetto Croce and Italian Fascism claimed realism, while war was raging, he continued to contrast German historicism with French Jacobinism, Latin superficiality with Teutonic seriousness.
The Giolitti Cabinet In Italy, the political strife and the social agitation that followed the end of the war and the conclusion of the peace conference were made more difficult and almost intractable by the results of the general elections, which were held within a system of proportional representation. The elections of 1919 were a disaster for the liberal groups; almost two-thirds of their candidates went down to defeat. However, they were a triumph for the Socialist Party and for the Catholic Popular Party.
Benedetto Croce and Italian Fascism by Fabio Rizi