Archive For The “Crystallography” Category
By Gould R.F. (ed.)
By David A. Mazziotti
By William Henry Bragg
Many books were written in a favored sort to stress the significance of x-ray crystallography and to create curiosity within the exceptional findings of the staff within the box. a number of books were written with rigor for the advantage of the main complex students. In among the extremes of renowned and rigorous there's a hole. on account of this hole, a really huge percentage of the x-ray crystal-lographers actively engaged within the box in the USA this day are understanding buildings effectively in simple terms simply because they've got bridged the space through having learn a unavoidably huge variety of these papers within the clinical journals which function signposts for the idea and the correct method. it's the objective of the current textual content to provide a typical resource during which the coed may possibly locate condensed the lessons of the pioneers in crystallography. even supposing the lone investigator is borne in brain in the course of the ebook, it's been was hoping that the e-book can also be of use as a school textual content in a two-quarter direction in constitution research. a lot of this booklet has been used as lecture fabric over a six-year interval on the collage of Utah (1947-1953) and, within the kind of mimeographed lecture notes, has been lower than consistent revision from the start. the 1st 4 chapters pertain to crystallography preparatory to the final 5 chapters on constitution.
By Suhithi M. Peiris, Gasper J. Piermarini
Constructing and checking out novel full of life fabrics is an increasing department of the fabrics sciences. response, detonation or explosion of such fabrics at all times produce tremendous excessive pressures and temperatures. to check the equations-of-state (EOS) of vigorous fabrics in severe regimes either surprise and static excessive strain stories are required. the current quantity is an advent and evaluation of theoretical, experimental and numerical features of static compression of such fabrics. bankruptcy 1 introduces the elemental experimental instrument, the diamond anvil strain mobile and the observational strategies used with it reminiscent of optical microscopy, infrared spectrometry and x-ray diffraction. bankruptcy 2 outlines the rules of high-nitrogen full of life fabrics synthesis. Chapters three and four, research and evaluate numerous EOS formalisms and knowledge becoming for crystalline and non-crystalline fabrics, respectively. bankruptcy five information the response kinetics of detonating vigorous fabrics. bankruptcy 6 investigates the interaction among static and dynamic (shock) stories. ultimately, Chapters 7 and eight introduce numerical simulations: molecular dynamics of full of life fabrics lower than both hydrostatic or uni-axial tension and ab-inito remedies of defects in crystalline fabrics. This well timed quantity meets the transforming into call for for a state-of-the paintings creation and overview of the main correct points of static compression of vigorous fabrics and should be a useful connection with researchers and scientists operating in educational, business and governmental learn laboratories.
By Thomas E. Creighton
DNA, RNA and proteins are surely crucial organic molecules. Being huge macromolecules, their actual, chemical and organic houses can vary dramatically from these of the monomers from which they're made. defined listed below are their fundamental, secondary, tertiary and quaternary constructions; their evolutionary origins; their unfolding and refolding; their chemical synthesis and manipulation; their actual interactions with different molecules, which regularly bring about catalysis of chemical reactions in a single or either one of them; and a number of the ways that the catalytic actions of enzymes are managed and controlled. colour is used liberally in the course of the quantity to reinforce the various illustrations. it is a accomplished reference for chemists, biologists and scholars.
desk of Contents
Section 1. Macromolecules 1. Configurations and Conformations
Section 2. Nucleic Acids 2. DNA constitution
three. DNA Topology
four. RNA constitution
five. Denaturation, Renaturation and Hybridization of Nucleic Acids
6. Manipulating Nucleic Acids
Section three. Proteins 7. Polypeptide constitution
eight. Polypeptide Conformation
nine. Protein constitution
10. actual houses of Folded Proteins
eleven. Protein Denaturation: Unfolding and Refolding
Section four. features 12. Ligand Binding via Proteins
thirteen. Nucleic Acid-Protein Interactions
15. Enzyme rules
By Jian-Jun Xu
The stabiltiy mechanisms of a curved entrance and the trend formation in dendrite development and viscous fingering were basic topics within the components of condensed-matter physics, fabrics technological know-how, crystal development, and fluid mechanics for approximately part a century. This ebook reports interfacial instability and development formation in dynamic platforms clear of the equilibrium country. specifically, it bargains with the 2 well known prototype platforms: dendrite progress in solidification and viscous fingering in Hele--Shaw circulate. It elucidates the major difficulties step-by-step and systematically derives their mathematical ideas, at the foundation of the newly validated interfacial wave concept. ultimately, it conscientiously examines those effects via comparisons with the to be had experimental effects. The unified, asymptotic process defined during this publication may be worthwhile for research of development formation phenomena taking place in a much wider category of inhomogeneous dynamic structures. the implications on worldwide balance and choice mechanisms of development formation given during this publication can be of specific curiosity to researchers. For the readers who're now not conversant in this quickly turning out to be interdisciplinary box, this publication might be a stimulating and important introduction.
By L Vicari
Textual content offers an outline of the variety of present purposes of liquid crystals, and considers these at the moment in improvement. For graduate scholars or execs in utilized physics, optics and optoelectronics, and digital engineering.
By Leonid M. Zubov
The writer applies equipment of nonlinear elasticity to enquire the defects within the crystal constitution of solids comparable to dislocations and disclinations that signify the plastic and energy houses of many fabrics. opposite to the geometrically encouraged nonlinear conception of dislocations always dispensed over the physique, nonlinear research of remoted dislocations and disclinations is much less built; it really is given for the 1st time during this booklet, and in a sort available to either scholars and researchers. the overall concept of Volterra's dislocations in elastic media lower than huge deformations is built. a couple of special suggestions are came across. The nonlinear method of investigating the remoted defects produces effects that frequently vary qualitatively from these of the linear idea.
By G J Dienes
By Jean-Marie DuBois
The goals of this article is to acquaint the reader with what the authors regard because the most elementary features of quasicrystals: constitution; formation and balance; and houses - in relation with the purposes of quasicrystalline fabrics. Quasicrystals are components that shape a kin of particular constructions with unusual actual, chemical and mechanical houses compared to these of steel alloys.