Against Aristotle on the Eternity of the World (Ancient by Philoponus PDF

By Philoponus

ISBN-10: 1780933592

ISBN-13: 9781780933597

Philoponus' treatise opposed to Aristotle at the Eternity of the realm, an assault on Aristotle's astronomy and theology is anxious generally with the eternity and divinity of the 5th point, or 'quintessence', of which Aristotle took the celebrities to be composed. Pagans and Christians have been divided on no matter if the realm had a starting, and on no matter if a trust that the heavens have been divine was once a mark of faith. Philoponus claimed on behalf of Christianity that the universe was once no longer everlasting. His so much astounding arguments, the place wrung paradox out of the pagan trust in an unlimited prior, were wrongly credited via historians of technological know-how to a interval seven-hundred years later.
The treatise used to be to steer Islamic, Jewish, Byzantine and Latin idea, even though the 5th point was once defended opposed to Philoponus even past the time of Copernicus. The impression of the treatise used to be challenging to track ahead of the fragments have been assembled. Dr. Wildberg has introduced them jointly for the 1st time and supplied a precis which makes coherent feel of the entire. He has additionally studied a Syriac fragment, which finds that the treatise initially contained an explicitly theological part at the Christian expectation of a brand new heaven and a brand new earth.

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Extra info for Against Aristotle on the Eternity of the World (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle)

Sample text

8 10* Simpl. in de Caelo 34,21-24 + 30-32: further objects to the proposition9 that 'as a result of force it is possible that the movement is of another and different , but it is impossible naturally'. For the movement towards the centre of the universe is natural for 8. The argument is elliptical. Philoponus aims to show that the circular movement of the firesphere is a natural motion (and not a supernatural one, as Damascius, Simplicius and Olympiodorus supposed).

Fr. 11/47: in Gael. 75,16f. and fr. V/102: 190,21f. 62. 4 subdivisions. The whole treatise covers just over 269 folio pages. 63. The length of the contra Proclum is about 160,000 words; the length of the contra Aristotelem may therefore be estimated at 80,000 words. The material assembled here adds up to c. 26,000 words. 64. Further relevant bibliography: Richard Sorabji, Time, Creation and the Continuum: theories in antiquity and the early middle ages (London 1983); id. ), Philoponus and the Rejection of Aristotelian Science.

1178,2-5. 49. See in Phys. 1129-1182. The passages cited at in Phys. 1326-1336 belong to a separate treatise. 50. See fr. 1/7: in Gael. 32,1. 3. These fragments stem from the fourth book of the contra Aristotelem. For in a small, separate treatise, demonstrating inter alia that an infinite capacity cannot reside in a finite body, which was written not long after the polemic against Aristotle, Philoponus refers back to the fourth book of that work. Fragments of the latter treatise can be found in Simplicius' commentary on the Physics, 1326-1336.

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Against Aristotle on the Eternity of the World (Ancient Commentators on Aristotle) by Philoponus

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