Download e-book for iPad: American Indian Religious Traditions: An Encyclopedia (3 by Suzanne J. Crawford O'Brien

By Suzanne J. Crawford O'Brien

ISBN-10: 1576075176

ISBN-13: 9781576075173

ISBN-10: 1576075206

ISBN-13: 9781576075203

This vast paintings is going past related surveys that spotlight purely on anthropology and heritage and explores the non secular practices, events, associations, key figures, ceremonial platforms, and non secular accoutrements indigenous to North the USA, from the precontact period to the current. Taking a deep and trained glance in particular on the non secular and non secular nature of local american citizens, the encyclopedia areas traditions inside their historic and theoretical context, interpreting their relevance inside local non secular existence and perform in addition to in the educational examine of religion.

Topics lined contain key rules and concerns, non secular and political leaders, basic ceremonies, mythic figures, and comparable cultural topics, corresponding to basketry, whaling, farming, and bison searching, that have non secular importance for local peoples. individuals contain famous students of yankee Indian non secular tradition, together with many that come from tribal traditions and will provide helpful insights and observations from their own experience.

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The region is home to numerous and varied tribal traditions, as well, which can be divided into three basic groupings: those of the colder northern area, including the Queen Charlotte Islands of western British Columbia; those of the central region, in the vicinity of Vancouver Island and the mouth of the Columbia River; and those of the warmer southern region, who shared some cultural traits with peoples of the California culture area. Social organization is primarily focused on extended-family village groups, with regular seasonal cooperative fishing and hunting camps for temporary dwelling.

Evergreen forests thrive where there is soil enough to support them, and huge trees form dense canopies that block out much sunlight. Springs and streams from mountain glaciers feed numerous rivers, which, along with the ocean at the coast, provide abundant fish, and the forests are home to abundant plants and animals, providing a wealth of foods and medicines for the Indian peoples of the region. Northwest Coast peoples speak a variety of languages, with linguistic families ranging from Athapaskan and Penutian, to Salishan and Wakashan.

Although dialects vary throughout the region, their similarities have made it possible for different groups to maintain diplomatic relations for trade and intermarriage. Great Basin Indians adopted their nomadic lifestyles in order to fully exploit wild food resources as they became available. Social organization for this type of resource management tends to be smaller than that of more settled groups, with the extended-family group being the primary source for identity. Leadership is provided through “headmen,” who are often capable and wise individuals who oversee the affairs of the family in trade negotiations and the like.

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American Indian Religious Traditions: An Encyclopedia (3 Volume set) by Suzanne J. Crawford O'Brien

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