By Don Nardo
Mesopotamia, the "land among the rivers," used to be the positioning of the world's first real towns, empires, large-scale engineering initiatives, and written literature. The historical past, tradition, and contributions of the pivotal civilizations that inhabited the world are offered in shiny aspect during this quantity, along with the increase and fall of Sumeria, Babylonia, Assyria, and Persia. (20030501)
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Additional info for Ancient Mesopotamia (Greenhaven Encyclopedia)
After three years of bloodshed, the rebellion collapsed; in despair, Shamash-shuma-ukin, set fire to his own palace and died in the blaze. Shortly after the civil war ended, Ashurbanipal was forced to deal with more unrest in Elam. This time the king showed the Elamites no mercy. His armies swept into Elam and went on a rampage of destruction, virtually erasing that kingdom from the map. Ashurbanipal’s scribes recorded the campaign in his annals, which read in part: The sanctuaries of Elam I destroyed totally.
C. A fragment, representing about a fifth of the work, was discovered in 1876; more came to light in 1965, and about 80 percent of the original has now been recovered. One of the most important of the Mesopotamian creation stories, the tale of Atrahasis also provides biblical scholars with a link between the ancient Mesopotamian and Hebrew cultures, as the story of Noah and the flood from the book of Genesis is clearly based on the Atrahasis. According to legend, Atrahasis was the pious king of the Sumerian city of Shu46 ruppak, lying northwest of the Persian Gulf.
C. That reign witnessed frequent rebellions, and the king was finally killed by Bagoas and was replaced by Darius III. S EE A LSO : Anabasis; Battle of Cunaxa; Persian Empire; Xerxes Aruru A Sumerian, and later general Mesopotamian, mother goddess, who, it was said, helped create human beings from clay. The kindly and gentle Aruru (or Ninmah) appears most prominently in the traditional Epic of Gilgamesh, in which she fashions the wild man Enkidu to check the arrogance and power of Gilgamesh. “I created humans,” she proudly states in the narrative.
Ancient Mesopotamia (Greenhaven Encyclopedia) by Don Nardo