By Philip Leon
While Oscar Booze entered West aspect in 1898, the older cadets determined that he didn't comply with their photo of what a cadet could be. After 4 months of continuing torment, together with a beating in an prepared boxing fit, ridicule for studying his Bible, and the pressured intake of scorching sauce within the cadet mess corridor, he resigned. whilst Oscar died a 12 months and a part later from tuberculosis of the larynx, his relatives claimed that the West aspect cadets had killed their son by way of scarring his throat and making a fertile box for the deadly an infection. this can be the tale of the consequent scandal that introduced West aspect less than hearth within the press national. Investigations following Oscar's demise might display a long-standing trend of cruelty that had develop into inextricably pointed out with the academy, concerning notions of social Darwinism and initiation rituals renowned on the time. either the home of Representatives and the Senate thought of last the Academy in mild of testimony via cadets in separate investigations that exposed merciless and sadistic practices. Distilling startling bills from trial transcripts, modern newspaper tales, archival documents and correspondence, this e-book exposes a little-known bankruptcy within the historical past of West element.
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Extra info for Bullies and Cowards: The West Point Hazing Scandal, 1898-1901 (Contributions in Military Studies)
1474. This page intentionally left blank CHAPTER 2 The Ordeal As to fighting, keep out of it if you can, by all means. . But don't say "No" because you fear a licking, and say or think it's because you fear God, for that's neither Christian nor honest. And if you do fight, fight it out; and don't give in while you can stand and see. —Thomas Hughes, Tom Brown's Schooldays (1857) If a man fights until he cannot fight any more he shows he has nerve. —Cadet Paul Bunker, All-American football player, 19 January 1901 T HE OLDER MEN asked Booz how much he weighed because they intended to arrange for him to fight an upper class cadet.
While not a career army officer, Dick enjoyed being addressed by his military rank. 7 Edmund Hope Driggs (1865-1946), a Democrat from Brooklyn, New York, also served on the committee. Elected in 1897 to fill a vacancy created by the resignation of Francis H. Wilson and defeated in the 1900 election, Driggs was a "lame duck" while serving on the Booz investigating committee; his term expired on 3 March 1901, just weeks after the investigation ended. 8 Because he had no need to fear political repercussions, he emerged as the most vigorous attacker of the military academy.
Report, p. 94. 6. Ibid, p. 93. 7. , p. 1401. 8. , p. 8. 9. Edmund Morris, The Rise of Theodore Roosevelt (New York: Coward, McCann & Geoghegan, 1979), p. 650. 10. Jonathan Gathorne-Hardy, The Old School Tie: The Phenomenon of the English Public School (New York: Viking, 1977), p. 114. 11. James Blackwell, On Brave Old Army Team: The Cheating Scandal That Rocked the Nation: West Point 1951 (Novato, CA: Presidio, 1996), pp. 82-83. 12. Douglas MacArthur, Reminiscences (New York: McGraw-Hill, 1964), p.
Bullies and Cowards: The West Point Hazing Scandal, 1898-1901 (Contributions in Military Studies) by Philip Leon