Download e-book for iPad: Contact Languages: Pidgins and Creoles by Mark Sebba

By Mark Sebba

ISBN-10: 0312175698

ISBN-13: 9780312175696

ISBN-10: 031217571X

ISBN-13: 9780312175719

ISBN-10: 0333630246

ISBN-13: 9780333630242

ISBN-10: 0333693442

ISBN-13: 9780333693445

ISBN-10: 0333717015

ISBN-13: 9780333717011

ISBN-10: 1349255874

ISBN-13: 9781349255870

Contact Languages: Pidgins and Creoles goals to introduce the reader to the interesting and significant box of pidgin and creole experiences. The booklet offers with the linguistic, historic and social features of the advance of pidgin and creole languages. particular case reports of person pidgins and creoles are established round texts drawn from more than a few differing kinds and contexts (mainly contemporary), with dialogue and grammatical notes. Chapters are interspersed with routines to consolidate and boost the reader's understanding.

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Example text

For example, Russian lacks articles and the verb to be in the present tense; Chinese almost totally lacks inflections, while French has the possessive structure X de Y ('X of Y') but nothing corresponding to Y's X in English. Likewise, simple CV syllable structure is widespread, and some languages, such as those of the Polynesian family, have few or no phonologically marked sounds. However, most languages have at most a few of the features from this list, and those that have several are usually complex in other respects; for example, although Chinese lacks inflections it makes very extensive use of tones in its phonology; although Russian lacks a copula and articles, it has a rich system of noun cases and inflections for nouns, verbs and adjectives.

The various pidgins and creoles of West Africa similarly seem to have their origins in both seafaring and trade. 2 - was brought to West Africa by mariners on Portuguese ships. There it became the lingua franca of the slave trade, and the forerunner of the Portuguese-lexicon creoles spoken today in Guine, Cape Verde, Sao Tome, Angolar and Anno bon. It may also have been the precursor of the English pidgin which is today widely spoken in West Africa (West African Pidgin English, or WAPE) and which in some parts of Nigeria is now a creole with native speakers of its own.

Haus i-bik 'the house is big' (in fact adjectives which follow the noun (predicative adjectives) behave like verbs in Melanesian Pidgin, taking the same tense markers bin and bai ). 4 There is no definite or indefinite article (the or a) In fact ol (which also means 'they') is sometimes used like a definite article in the plural (and thus helps to make up for the lack of plural morphology), as in ol meri, 'the women'. Apart from this, articles are absent from Melanesian Pidgin. 1 are in fact fairly typical of pidgin grammars.

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Contact Languages: Pidgins and Creoles by Mark Sebba

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