Elisha Bartlett’s Philosophy of Medicine - download pdf or read online

By W.E. Stempsey

ISBN-10: 140203041X

ISBN-13: 9781402030413

ISBN-10: 1402030428

ISBN-13: 9781402030420

This quantity is a scholar's variation of the 1st systematic American paintings at the philosophy of medication, An Essay at the Philosophy of scientific technological know-how (Philadelphia, 1844), through Elisha Bartlett (1804-1855). The booklet is split into components: half I includes a serious advent that offers a biographical cartoon of Elisha Bartlett and situates his empiricist philosophy of medication in the philosophical debates of a number of the theoretical colleges of scientific perform of early nineteenth-century the US. brief summaries of Bartlett's different writings and significant addresses are offered, and lots of of the studies of Bartlett's paintings that seemed within the clinical journals of his time are mentioned. additionally, the impact of the Paris scientific institution on Bartlett's philosophy is proven. half II includes the Essay, and encompasses a formerly unpublished manuscript of Bartlett's philosophy of therapeutics, which develops a number of the rules of the Essay and provides one other side to Bartlett's philosophy of drugs. In end, a few severe notes on Bartlett's works are integrated. A bibliography comprises Bartlett's released paintings, released stories of his paintings, unpublished manuscripts and correspondence, and secondary literature on Bartlett and the philosophy of nineteenth-century medication, and the book's index offers students entry to the most important rules in Bartlett's work.

This e-book may be of curiosity to philosophers of medication, physicians, historians of medication, and scientific ethicists.

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The sixth proposition is a development of how such observations should be carried out, again advocating the numerical method. The seventh and eighth propositions further explain how the inexactness of therapeutics depends on the inexactness of our knowledge of disease. The science and art of therapeutics are not “approximative” because of imperfect knowledge, but because disease is always individual and in flux. This point is not well developed, but appears again to be a softening of his previous stance on the hard uniformity of scientific laws.

Attempting to separate these does violence to human nature. Because the body is related to the human mind, there is a duty to maintain its well-being. Although Bartlett seems to be making religious or metaphysical assertions here, he again puts his claim in the context of his empiricism. He treats the subject only insofar as it can be ascertained by observation (15). The laws of the body are only beginning to be known, but Bartlett puts great trust that these laws will be second, only to Christianity, in promoting “the truest interests of our race” (22).

Annan ends by denying that mathematical demonstration will ever be of much use for medicine because of medicine’s nature as an inexact science. Although these two essays take utterly opposed positions on Bartlett’s Essay, they share a penchant for impassioned rhetoric. One wonders whether too much is being made of professional alliances and ad hominem argument. Annan, however, does make a good point in demonstrating Bartlett’s tendency to use the term “hypothesis” in a way that is inadequately defined and delineated.

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Elisha Bartlett’s Philosophy of Medicine by W.E. Stempsey

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