Download PDF by Fergus G. Priest (auth.), Jean-François Charles, Armelle: Entomopathogenic Bacteria: from Laboratory to Field

By Fergus G. Priest (auth.), Jean-François Charles, Armelle Delécluse, Christina Nielsen-Le Roux (eds.)

ISBN-10: 9048155428

ISBN-13: 9789048155422

ISBN-10: 9401714290

ISBN-13: 9789401714297

Entomopathogenic micro organism (Bacillus thuringiensis and B. sphaericus) are more and more used as biopesticides to manage larval insect populations that are both agricultural or forestry pests and to minimize these which as adults are vectors of critical human illnesses.
This new publication, the 1st because 1993 to handle all features of entomopathogenic micro organism, presents undergraduate and graduate scholars in addition to learn scientists with an entire, smooth view of this significant staff of micro organism.
The authors, selected for his or her sustained contributions to the sphere, disguise either basic and utilized examine during this quarter. the most issues contain bacterial ecology and taxonomy, toxin variety, task and mode of motion, law and atmosphere of the genes, safeguard and ecotoxicology, construction and box software of the micro organism, and outbreaks of resistant populations. The ebook concludes with the newest info received on transgenic biotechnology and addresses environmental impression issues.

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Additional info for Entomopathogenic Bacteria: from Laboratory to Field Application

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Syst. Bacteriol. 48, 99-106 [28] Heyndrickx M, Vandemeulebroecke K, Hoste Bet al. (1996) Reclassification of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) pulvifaciens (Nakamura 1984) Ash et al. 1994, a later subjective synonym of Paenibacillus (formerly Bacillus) larvae White 1906) Ash et al. 1994, as a subspecies of Paenibacillus larvae, with emended descriptions of Paenibacillus larvae as Paenibacillus larvae subsp. larvae and Paenibacillus larvae subsp. pulvifaciens. Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. 46, 270-279 [29] Homitzky MAZ & Nicholas PJ (1993) J-medium is superior to sheep blood agar and brain heart infusion agar for the isolation of Bacillus larvae from honey samples.

23] is the same as the population found in soil. In isolations of B. thuringiensis from soil, the general trend is that specific serotypes do not occur in frequencies above 50%; single-order insect activity above 50% has seldom been reported. The population found by Damgaard et at. [23] on foliage has therefore probably originated in the soil, been transported to the foliage, and then developed into a population different from that found in soil. In the investigation by Damgaard et at. [23], the majority of the isolated B.

There is only one published report of an epidemic caused by B. thuringiensis, although it is possible that more have been hidden in cases reported as B. cereus infections, due to lack of knowledge in distinguishing B. thuringiensis from B. cereus. The insecticidal activity of applied of B. thuringiensis products lasts only two to four weeks, even though the preparations contain UV -protectants. The decline is due to a rapid degradation of the ()-endotoxin and, to a lesser extent, the spores. It is therefore clear that ()-endotoxins produced by naturally-occurring strains in an outdoor environment are inactivated even faster than the fortified commercial strains.

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Entomopathogenic Bacteria: from Laboratory to Field Application by Fergus G. Priest (auth.), Jean-François Charles, Armelle Delécluse, Christina Nielsen-Le Roux (eds.)

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