By Coulter H. George
Historic Greek expressed the brokers of passive verbs by means of various capability, and this paintings explores the language's improvement of prepositions which marked the brokers of passive verbs. After an preliminary examine the pragmatics of agent buildings, it turns to this principal query: lower than what stipulations is the agent expressed by means of a building except hupo with the genitive? The booklet strains the advance of those expressions from Homer via classical prose and drama, being attentive to the semantic, syntactic, and metrical stipulations that favoured using one preposition over one other. It concludes with a learn of the decline of hupo as an agent marker within the first millennium advert. even if the focal point is on advancements in Greek, translation of the examples may still render it available to linguists learning alterations in prepositional platforms as a rule.
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Additionally, while the stative nature of the passive verb may not be as readily apparent here as in the earlier examples, when 25 expressions of agency in ancient greek the passage is contrasted with instances of the active lgousi (see below), it may still be detected. In the final PAC of this group, the verb is a participle used periphrastically with §n that could thus have been easily rewritten as an active: (38) Hdt. ” Deioces thus is demoted so as to become the object of this subsequent clause.
PibÛsasqai t¼n %p»llwna “then it is said by the Lydians that Croesus, after learning of Cyrus’ change of heart, called upon Apollo” Here the patient is not an object, but rather an entire clause. Still, the subject of that clause is Croesus, who has been the center of attention in the preceding lines: Herodotus is relating how Croesus was nearly burned to death by Cyrus. While the patient as a whole may not be the narrative theme, the subject of the patient-clause is. Additionally, while the stative nature of the passive verb may not be as readily apparent here as in the earlier examples, when 25 expressions of agency in ancient greek the passage is contrasted with instances of the active lgousi (see below), it may still be detected.
Such will be the case with the post-Classical replacement of Ëp»+G by par+G as the leading agent marker of Greek. In line with this model, the Greek equivalents of such constructions as (27) will be treated in this work as PACs. 47 First, it demotes the agent such that it need no longer be expressed. Clearly, this function is pragmatically useful, for there will often be occasions either when the agent is unknown or when it is advantageous for the speaker to suppress the 47 For other accounts of the pragmatic motivation for the passive, see Giv´on 1979: 185–206, especially 186, Siewierska 1984: 217–54, Descl´es et al.
Expressions of Agency in Ancient Greek by Coulter H. George