Laura Carlson's Functional Features in Language and Space: Insights from PDF

By Laura Carlson

ISBN-10: 0199264333

ISBN-13: 9780199264339

ISBN-10: 1429421819

ISBN-13: 9781429421812

The 'language and area' quarter is a comparatively new examine sector in cognitive technological know-how. learning how language and spatial illustration are associated within the human mind regularly attracts on learn in latest disciplines targeting language, conception, categorization and improvement. consultant researchers from those sub-disciplines of cognitive technological know-how talk about new insights of their personal box of workmanship and express what function their definition of 'function', 'feature', or 'functional function' performs of their examine. New learn founded round those ideas is at the vanguard of advancements in those sub-disciplines and within the region of 'Language and Space'.

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Extra resources for Functional Features in Language and Space: Insights from Perception, Categorization, and Development (Language and Space)

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Here are three reasons why this sort of world knowledge does not help for these examples. First, in making up the scenarios, the experimenters intentionally tried to come up with novel situations in which people would not have had relevant specific experience (world knowledge). For example, in one scenario, a character uses Language is Grounded in Action 19 an upright vacuum cleaner as a coat rack (Afforded) or an electrical outlet as a coat rack (Non-afforded), and in another scenario a character stands on a tractor to be able to reach the top of a wall he is painting (Afforded) or stands on a hammer (Non-afforded).

Lakoff, 1987; Glenberg, 1997; Barsalou, 1999). There is abundant empirical support for the embodied nature of meaning derived from spatial language. People are able to form sophisticated spatial simulations when they read or learn verbal descriptions of environments. For instance, they can imagine that they reorient their point of view in an imaginary layout, and accurately locate object positions from each imaginary reorientation (Franklin and Tversky, 1990; de Vega, 1994; Maki and Marek, 1997), they can also take ‘mental walks’ using a protagonist’s perspective described by a text (Morrow, Greenspan, and Bower, 1987; Rinck and Bower, 1995; de Vega, 1995), and they can mentally scan a previously described map, by moving an imaginary spot at a remarkably constant speed (Denis and Cocude, 1992).

These participants responded no by moving from the middle button to one closer to the body. Participants in the Yes-is-near condition had the reverse assignment of buttons. That is, they moved to the button closer to the body to respond yes. A second variable was the type of sentence presented: Toward, Away, or Nonsense. Toward sentences, such as Scratch your head or Wipe the sweat off your brow, implied action toward the reader. Away sentences, such as Scratch your cat and Wipe the sweat off your bench, implied action away from the reader.

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Functional Features in Language and Space: Insights from Perception, Categorization, and Development (Language and Space) by Laura Carlson

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