By Ludwig Wittgenstein
Œuvre maîtresse de ce que les spécialistes appellent "la seconde manière wittgensteinienne", les Recherches philosophiques ont été à maintes reprises remises sur le métier par leur auteur au element qu'elles ne sont pas un texte achevé. Publiées en 1953 après l. a. mort de Wittgenstein par deux de ses exécuteurs littéraires, les Recherches se sont très vite imposées non seulement comme un texte de référence en philosophie du langage, mais aussi comme un classique de los angeles philosophie contemporaine. Par leur refus catégorique de toute théorie de los angeles signification et de toute quête d'une terre ferme de l'origine, elles se tiennent à l'écart des objectives de l. a. culture analytique comme des présupposés de los angeles culture continentale. Elles frayent los angeles voie à une analytique de los angeles quotidienneté dont on n'a certainement pas fini de mesurer los angeles fécondité. Du fait de leur impression considérable sur divers courants dominants de l. a. philosophie de los angeles fin du XXe siècle, elles sont à los angeles resource de nombre de débats actuels qui débordent très largement le cadre de los angeles philosophie académique.
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Additional resources for Recherches philosophiques
But perhaps he has done more by teaching philosophy to be judicious and to restrict [it] within reasonable limits. qxd 10/1/08 11:17 AM Page 25 hume in the enlightenment tradition he undertook and successfully carried through what Newton had not dared to do, or perhaps would have found impossible. It can be said that he created metaphysics, almost as Newton had created physics . . In order to know our soul, its ideas, and its affections, he did not study books, because they would only have instructed him badly; he was content with probing deeply into himself .
Hume on Causation (London: Routledge). Frasca-Spada, Marina (1998). Space and the Self in Hume’s Treatise (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). Harris, James A. (2005). Of Liberty and Necessity: The Free Will Debate in Eighteenth-century British Philosophy (Oxford: Clarendon Press). Herdt, Jennifer A. (1997). Religion and Faction in Hume’s Moral Philosophy (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press). ) (2005). The Reception of David Hume in Europe (London and New York: Continuum). ) (2007). New Essays on David Hume (Milan: FrancoAngeli).
What then of experimental moral enquiry? Its subject matter is the human being: specifically, the workings of the human mind. Since the essence of that mind is hidden, all forms of armchair theorizing must give way to an examination of the human being in action: the mind can be studied only by studying its observable effects. Hume sums up the point in the Introduction’s concluding remarks: We must therefore glean up our experiments in this science from a cautious observation of human life, and take them as they appear in the common course of the world, by men’s behaviour in company, in affairs, and in their pleasures.
Recherches philosophiques by Ludwig Wittgenstein