By Louise Pratt
The necessities of Greek Grammar relies at the author’s decades of school room adventure and at the handouts she built and fine-tuned to complement various textbooks and techniques. partly 1 of the quantity, Pratt covers the following:
- morphology and elements of speech in expanding order of complexity, from articles and pronouns via adjectives;
- active and passive participles;
- nouns, with a precis of endings and examples of the 3 declensions;
- verbs, with summaries and examples of standard and abnormal forms.
Part 2 provides syntax, relocating from the quite simple case makes use of of nouns and pronouns, to the makes use of and positions of adjectives and the complexities of verb forms and moods. Pratt additionally comprises miscellaneous figures of speech and a convenient appendix directory 2 hundred universal Attic verbs and their imperative parts.
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Additional resources for The essentials of Greek grammar : a reference for intermediate readers of Attic Greek
Nom. sing. λύσων πέμψων ἄξων φιλήσων δηλώσων βαλῶν λύσουσα πέμψουσα ἄξουσα φιλήσουσα δηλώσουσα βαλοῦσα λῦσον πέμψον ἄξον φίλησον δήλωσον βαλοῦν § 30 First (weak) aorist active participle: “——ing, upon ——ing, having ——ed” • aorist active stem (third principal part minus temporal augment and ending) + -ας -ασα -αν (-αντ-) masc. nom. sing. gen. sing. dat. sing. acc. sing. nom. pl. gen. pl. dat. pl. acc. pl. λύσας λύσαντος λύσαντι λύσαντα λύσαντες λυσάντων λύσασι(ν) λύσαντας fem. neut. λύσασα λυσάσης λυσάσῃ λύσασαν λύσασαι λυσασῶν λυσάσαις λυσάσας λῦσαν λύσαντος λύσαντι λῦσαν λύσαντα λυσάντων λύσασι(ν) λύσαντα § 31 Second (strong) aorist active participle: “——ing, upon ——ing, having ——ed” • second (strong) aorist active stem (third principal part minus temporal augment and ending) + -ών -οῦσα -όν (-όντ-) masc.
Dat. sing. acc. sing. masc. fem. neut. no one, nobody, no noun no woman, no noun nothing, no noun οὐδεμία οὐδεμιᾶς οὐδεμιᾷ οὐδεμίαν οὐδέν οὐδενός οὐδενί οὐδέν οὐδείς οὐδενός οὐδενί οὐδένα adjectives 9 § 19 πᾶς πᾶσα πᾶν (παντ-) (all, every): mixed-declension adjective masc. nom. sing. gen. sing. dat. sing. acc. sing. nom. pl. gen. pl. dat. pl. acc. pl. πᾶς παντός παντί πάντα πάντες πάντων πᾶσι(ν) πάντας fem. neut. πᾶσα πάσης πάσῃ πᾶσαν πᾶσαι πασῶν πάσαις πάσας πᾶν παντός παντί πᾶν πάντα πάντων πᾶσι(ν) πάντα 20 Mixed-declension adjective (nominative endings: -ας -αινα -αν) masc.
Like to aorist passive forms of other types of verb) • temporal augment on indicative only act. aor. indic. aor. impera. aor. subju. aor. opt. aor. part. aor. inf. 1st sing. 2nd sing. 3rd sing. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd pl. 2nd sing. 3rd sing. 2nd pl. 3rd pl. 1st sing. 2nd sing. 3rd sing. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd pl. 1st sing. 2nd sing. 3rd sing. 1st pl. 2nd pl. 3rd pl. nom. sing. ἔλαβον ἔλαβες ἔλαβε(ν) ἐλάβομεν ἐλάβετε ἔλαβον λαβέ λαβέτω λάβετε λαβόντων λάβω λάβῃς λάβῃ λάβωμεν λάβητε λάβωσι(ν) λάβοιμι λάβοις λάβοι λάβοιμεν λάβοιτε λάβοιεν λαβών -οῦσα -όν λαβεῖν mid.
The essentials of Greek grammar : a reference for intermediate readers of Attic Greek by Louise Pratt