By Aleksandr Nikitenko, Ms. Helen Saltz Jacobson
Aleksandr Nikitenko, descended from once-free Cossacks, was once born into serfdom in provincial Russia in 1804. one in all 300,000 serfs owned by means of count number Sheremetev, Nikitenko as turned fiercely made up our minds to realize his freedom. during this memorable and relocating booklet, the following translated into English for the 1st time, Nikitenko recalls the main points of his early life and early life in servitude in addition to the six-year fight that finally brought him into freedom in 1824. one of the only a few autobiographies ever written through an ex-serf, Up from Serfdom offers a distinct portrait of serfdom in nineteenth-century Russia and a profoundly transparent feel of what such bondage intended to the folks, the tradition, and the country. emerging to eminence as a professor at St Petersburg college, former serf Nikitenko set approximately writing his autobiography in 1851, hoping on his personal diaries (begun on the age of fourteen and maintained all through his life), his father's correspondence and records, and the tales that his mom and dad and grandparents instructed as he used to be growing to be up. He remembers his city, his education, his masters and mistresses, and the utter capriciousness of a serf's life, illustrated such a lot vividly via his father's lurching direction from convenience to destitution to legal to rehabilitation. Nikitenko's description of the tragedy, melancholy, unpredictability, and magnificent good fortune of his early life is a compelling human tale that brings to existence as by no means prior to the stories of the serf in Russia within the early 1800s.
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Aleksandr Nikitenko, descended from once-free Cossacks, used to be born into serfdom in provincial Russia in 1804. considered one of 300,000 serfs owned by way of count number Sheremetev, Nikitenko as grew to become fiercely decided to achieve his freedom. during this memorable and relocating publication, right here translated into English for the 1st time, Nikitenko remembers the main points of his early life and early life in servitude in addition to the six-year fight that eventually added him into freedom in 1824.
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Additional resources for Up from Serfdom: My Childhood and Youth in Russia, 1804-1824
It didn’t take long for Father’s social activism to take shape. From the very beginning of his employment as chief clerk he assumed the role of defender of the weak and enemy of the power- YD6970. ] Serf blessing his son, who has been conscripted for army service. Lithograph, artist unknown. State Historical Museum. ] Seeing off a serf conscripted for army service. Lithograph, artist unknown. State Historical Museum. YD6970. 018-023 1/24/01 10:23 AM Page 20 20 Up from Serfdom ful. A series of incidents began that revealed his dialectical skill in disputing unjust claims and his determination to pursue evil.
As she matured, her manner and bearing acquired a special gracefulness and majesty. She was taller than average and had a YD6970. ] Serf wedding. Artist unknown. fine figure. Her soft, black hair lay around her high forehead. Most striking of all were her dark brown eyes, in which shone so much tenderness and goodness. Whoever met Mother could not help but like and respect her. She had no education but possessed those fortunate abilities that help a woman adjust easily to the customs, habits, and ideas of a different, more refined social circle.
His face is pale, his lips are trembling, and his eyes are filled with tears. Probably he has just received the count’s sentence. Meanwhile, at home everything was topsy-turvy. The authorities were confiscating our belongings . . Then I see all of us in a spacious covered sleigh. On one side of me sits my morose father. On the other side is my mother, holding in her lap a year-old baby bundled in a short sheepskin coat. This was Grisha, her second son. Two guards accompanied us to Churilovka. Etched in my memory is the image of an enormous man with a sullen face and extraordinary strength called Zhurba.
Up from Serfdom: My Childhood and Youth in Russia, 1804-1824 by Aleksandr Nikitenko, Ms. Helen Saltz Jacobson