By Edward Erwin
More than a century has handed seeing that Sigmund Freud started his groundbreaking paintings in psychoanalysis but there's no consensus approximately his legacy; as an alternative there's continual confrontation not just approximately Freud's attractiveness and position in heritage yet in regards to the right criteria to take advantage of in comparing his thought and therapy.
This e-book develops epistemological criteria for Freudian psychology and gives a accomplished review of, and doubtless ultimate, verdict on Freud's idea and remedy. in contrast to the other evaluate released so far, it incorporates a systematic dialogue of either the Freudian experimental and non-experimental proof and the correct criteria for analyzing the evidence.
Part I considers the view that Freud's thought may be judged through specified evidential criteria deemed acceptable for judging hypotheses of common sense psychology. Edward Erwin argues by contrast view and for the employment of criteria appropriate to causal hypotheses of either the typical and social sciences. Erwin additionally addresses different concerns approximately criteria akin to the necessity for experimental facts, using placebo controls, the right kind objectives of psychotherapy, and using meta-analysis in reading final result data.
The criteria built partly I of the ebook are utilized in half II in comparing the simplest on hand Freudian evidence.
A Bradford Book
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Extra info for A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology
Nagel bases his second claim, that experimentation is generally unnecessary for the justiªcation of Freudian hypotheses, on a view about the justiªcation of commonsense psychological explanations and about Freudian theory being an extension of commonsense psychology. In speaking of an extension of commonsense psychology, one might mean that Freudian theory gains credibility from the empirical evidence supporting commonsense claims. , go far beyond common sense; in many cases, common sense and Freudian psychology are at war with each other.
Nussbaum says of this case (201) that Freud’s explanation consists of offering a redescription: What the patient was “really doing,” according to Freud, was restoring her husband’s honor, or protecting his pride. I shall return to Nussbaum’s contention shortly, but even if it is accepted without objection, my point remains: Freud was trying to explain the woman’s obsessional actions, but to do that, he ªrst had to identify them, and he did that without the help of a practical syllogism. Without support for this crucial premise—that identiªcation of an action always requires construction of a practical syllogism—Nussbaum’s entire argument collapses, for his conclusion that intentions are not causes depends on the assumption (196) that the connection between intention and action must be described by an analytic statement, which in turn is dependent on his initial assumption about the need to invoke a practical syllogism to identify an action.
By “degree of connection,” Hopkins means degree of meaning as opposed to causal connection. At least two problems arise with his conditions. The ªrst, and minor, one is that, on at least one natural reading of “coincidence,” we may rule out a coincidental relationship between events A and B, but be unable to discount the operation of some third factor causing B, or causing both A and B. We can avoid this problem by stipulating that ruling out a “coincidental” relationship between a motive and dream 38 Chapter 1 (or action) requires guaranteeing that the relationship is causal.
A Final Accounting: Philosophical and Empirical Issues in Freudian Psychology by Edward Erwin