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Extra resources for A Grammar of Diyari, South Australia

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The same long vowel occurs in fast speech arising from two sources. 3) the initial velar nasal of -nganka- ‘caus’ may be deleted to give a long vowel, if the root ends in a, or a vowel sequence, as in: 42 Chapter 2 Phonology ‘makes sleep’ mukangankayi becoming [mukʌ:nkɛi] ‘makes dead’ ‘makes blind’ nharingankayi putyungankayi becoming becoming [ṉʌɾiʌnkɛi] [puʧuʌnkɛi] Secondly, the intervocalic y of the interrogative nominals based on wardayarri ‘where’ can be deleted in fast speech giving phonetic [wɒɖʌ:ɾi], as in ‘where from’ wardayarrindru becoming [wɒɖʌ:ɾindru].

They will not be included in the listing below as their occurrence is entirely predictable. 1 solid lines enclose the realizations of each vowel phoneme. ’ [wɑɳi]; warli ‘house’ [wɑɭi]; waranha ‘who’ [wɑɽʌnʌ] low central vowel occurring elsewhere: wara ‘to throw’ [wʌɾʌ]; warru ‘white’ [wʌru]; wata ‘not’ [wʌtʌ]; wathara ‘wind’ [wat̪ʌɽʌ]; yapa ‘fear’ [jʌpʌ]; yakalka ‘to ask’ [jʌkʌlkʌ]; yama ‘net’ [jʌmʌ]; yarla ‘together’ [jʌɭʌ] Notice that there is no consonant cluster restriction on the [ɒ] allophone of a, unlike [ɛ] and [æ].

Becomes C1V1(C2)C3V2CIVI(C2)C3V2(C4)C5 . . 1) between V2 and the second CI (in the formula above), that is, they consist of two phonological words. 1) occurs at both C3 positions. 5 Word stress Stress in Diyari is not phonologically contrastive and is entirely predictable from the shapes of roots and suffix morphemes. Primary stress falls on the first vowel of a root and secondary stress is assigned to the third vowel of a four syllable root (no roots are longer than four syllables). Disyllabic suffix morphemes are assigned (secondary) stress on their first syllable; this can result in sequences of unstressed syllables.

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A Grammar of Diyari, South Australia by Peter Austin

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