By Theodore R. Weeks
Across the progressive Divide: Russia and the USSR 1861-1945 bargains a huge interpretive account of Russian historical past from the emancipation of the serfs to the top of global warfare II.<ul type="disc">* presents a coherent evaluation of Russia's improvement from 1861 via to 1945* displays the newest scholarship by way of taking a thematic method of Russian historical past and bridging the ‘revolutionary divide’ of 1917* Covers political, monetary, cultural, and lifestyle matters in the course of a interval of significant adjustments in Russian heritage* Addresses in the course of the variety of nationwide teams, cultures, and religions within the Russian Empire and USSR* exhibits how the unconventional regulations followed after 1917 either replaced Russia and perpetuated an financial and political tension that maintains to steer sleek society
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Additional info for Across the Revolutionary Divide: Russia and the USSR, 1861-1945 (Blackwell History of Russia)
Lenin furiously demanded that any German conditions be accepted, and after several attempts succeeded in convincing the Central Committee that peace at any cost was necessary. The Treaty of Brest-Litovsk was signed on March 3, 1918. 3 million miles of territory, including major industrial regions, and 62 million citizens, few of whom were ethnic Russians. A week after signing the treaty, the Soviet capital was transferred from Petrograd (now some 20 miles from the Finnish border) to the historical capital, Moscow.
The modern state taxes, conscripts, arrests or, to stress more positive matters, assures security, funds education, subsidizes culture, builds hospitals. Throughout Russian history, the state has played a strong role: classical laissezfaire liberalism never took root here. ” Rather the Russian Empire and Soviet Union aimed to protect its citizenry but at the same time to preserve the political leadership from the mainly uninformed and possibly seditious masses. This dynamic between, on the one hand, state policies sincerely aiming at the betterment of economic and social conditions and, on the other, policies restricting basic freedoms (the exercise of which seemed potentially dangerous for state order and stability) will be seen throughout the pages that follow.
25 Nicholas’s abdication ended autocracy in Russia, and Duma politicians stepped in to prevent a power vacuum, setting up the Provisional Government that was to rule only until proper elections could be held. After an initial short period of euphoria, however, the Provisional Government was faced with the same problems as its imperial predecessor. In particular the decision to continue the war effort, we can see in retrospect, was a mistake. Similarly the blanket amnesty of political prisoners declared by the Provisional Government in its first days undermined the liberal regime’s shaky stability by allowing more radical elements to stream back to Russia and St Petersburg.
Across the Revolutionary Divide: Russia and the USSR, 1861-1945 (Blackwell History of Russia) by Theodore R. Weeks