By Alekseï Nikolaevitch Tolstoï
Peu après los angeles Première Guerre mondiale, l'ingénieur Loss se lance dans los angeles building d'une fusée pour rejoindre l. a. planète Mars. Mais personne ne veut l'accompagner dans ce voyage périlleux, à l'exception d'un aventurier, un ancien soldat de l'Armée rouge, Goussev. Arrivés sur Mars, ils y découvrent une civilisation millénaire, fondée par les rescapés de l'Atlantide où le luxe féodal de los angeles caste des gouvernants est le fruit du travail de mornes foules d'ouvriers...
Réflexion sur l. a. révolution, le progrès, les hazards de l. a. décadence de l. a. civilisation, Aélita (1923) est considéré comme le foremost chef-d'oeuvre de los angeles science-fiction soviétique. Mais le roman de Tolstoï est avant tout un grand livre d'aventures, dans l'esprit des oeuvres de H.G. Wells, Jack London, Burroughs ou Brioussov. Les légendes de l'Atlantide, les épopées des Hommes du Ciel, les scènes d'amour et de strive against, les envolées mystiques de Loss, l'intelligence prosaïque et les réparties comiques de Goussev - un personnage classique du skaz du XIXe siècle -, les descriptions d'un monde inconnu et mystérieux, tout cela fait d'Aélita un roman exaltant.
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F . S . R . In Georgia, as elsewhere, there is a chain of ambulatoria, polyclinics, and hospitals, general and special, all linked together. H e discussed with us at some length the education and training of doctors at the M e d i c a l Institute connected with the university, the education of midwives, instructed in Russian as w e l l as in their native languages, maternity and child care, welfare work, and in general the procedure in preventive work and in the treatment of patients. W e visited the Tuberculosis Institute, in a beautiful new building of Renaissance style, splendidly equipped.
N o w they have twenty large hospitals and sanatoria, w h i l e the hospitals for non-Tartars have increased in number. W e were met by the Commissar of Health, a huge fine-looking Tartar. H e took us to visit a large university clinic, including all the departments of medicine, in w h i c h students are taught special subjects. A b o u t 1,500 patients are treated daily at this clinic. I t has 70 beds for in-patients. W e got glimpses of other health institutions in the city, and w e carried away an impression of an Oriental city in the course of transition, w i t h signs of modernization already visible.
G . L . Kuchaidze. W e were oriented as to the char- Moscow to Georgia and the Crimea 43 acter of the city, the rapid mechanization of industry, the development of the university, w h i c h now has about 16,000 students, and the preventive and curative medical services. T h e Commissar pointed out that, except for adaptation to local circumstances, the plan for health w o r k was the same here as in the R . S . F . S . R . In Georgia, as elsewhere, there is a chain of ambulatoria, polyclinics, and hospitals, general and special, all linked together.
Aelita by Alekseï Nikolaevitch Tolstoï