By John Deigh
This ebook examines the principal questions of ethics via a research of theories of correct and flawed which are present in the nice moral works of Western philosophy. It specializes in theories that proceed to have an important presence within the box. The middle chapters disguise egoism, the eudaimonism of Plato and Aristotle, act and rule utilitarianism, sleek average legislations conception, Kant's ethical thought, and existentialist ethics. Readers may be brought not just to the most principles of every thought yet to modern advancements and defenses of these rules. a last bankruptcy takes up issues in meta-ethics and ethical psychology. The discussions all through draw the reader into philosophical inquiry via argument and feedback that remove darkness from the profundity of the questions below exam. scholars will locate this publication to be a really beneficial advisor to how philosophical inquiry is undertaken in addition to to what the key theories in ethics carry.
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Additional resources for An Introduction to Ethics: Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy
Nonetheless, it does not follow that the pleasure you anticipate getting is always the true object of your desire. It may merely be a welcome extra. To be sure, sometimes a person may desire something, an apple, say, just for the pleasure of its taste, in which case the pleasure he anticipates is also the true object of his desire. But sometimes a person may desire an apple for its nutritional value, in which case, though he anticipates the pleasure of its taste, this pleasure is not what he is after.
1. 37 38 An Introduction to Ethics argument. Thus its first two premisses combine to yield the proposition that the ultimate end of every intentional action is to experience pleasure or escape from pain. And from this proposition and the same third premiss as the primary arguments, which is that all right actions are intentional actions, it follows that the ultimate end of every right action is to experience pleasure or escape from pain. At this point, however, the two arguments diverge. Where the primary argument moves quickly to its final conclusion, the argument from psychological hedonism takes more steps.
It would therefore fail to show that they had authority in practical thought that was backed by reason rather than custom and would thus fall short of a central aim of ethical theory. Implicit in every theorys answer to the Republics core problem is an ideal of human life. Indeed, no ethical theory could be complete if it did not imply such an ideal. A complete ethical theory not only formulates and systematizes the standards of morality, but also justifies them by laying out the rational grounds of their authority in practical thought.
An Introduction to Ethics: Cambridge Introductions to Philosophy by John Deigh