By Miran Bozovic, Slavoj Zizek
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Extra info for An utterly dark spot : gaze and body in early modern philosophy
The other, then, sees in me the cause of his sadness, whereas I see myself as the cause of his-and consequently of my own-sadness. The outcome of my encounter with the other in this case is as follows: the other, experiencing sadness accompanied by the idea of an external cause, that is, the idea of myself as cause, hates me, whereas I, merely imitating that affect of the other with which I myself have affected him and, accordingly, experiencing sadness accompanied by the idea of an internal cause, hate myself.
N What Leibniz lacks, however, is an explicit empirical support for his view that there is also no "final extinction" or "complete 20 A Brief History of Insects death," and that every apparent death is followed by a subsequent death; the final extinction or complete death is always postponed and tends toward the end of the world. ,,23 In his letters to Arnauld, this conclusion is illustrated by numerous examples of resuscitations, which occur after the apparent death of a body. For example: while deep sleep or ecstasies can sometimes be mistaken for death, one can awake from such a state and, as it were, arise from the dead; while the caterpillar that is enshrouded in its shell can be considered dead, a butterfly emerges from this shell after a certain period of time; while people who have frozen, drowned, or been strangled are apparently dead, they nevertheless can occasionally be brought back to life.
What would then sustain this species in existence would be solely fetuses and corpses, since its members would never engender a living body. And just such creatures do in fact exist. There is a species of mite where the male members embody precisely such a reversed life cycle in its pure form: the male copulates with its sisters within its mother's shell and dies before birth. 28 This then is the paradoxical species that sustains itself in existence in such a 22 A Brief History of Insects way that its male members exclusively engender fetuses and corpses-there is no living body.
An utterly dark spot : gaze and body in early modern philosophy by Miran Bozovic, Slavoj Zizek