By J.P.M. Camacho
B chromosomes are extra passengers present in the karyotypes of approximately 15 in keeping with cent of eukaryote species. they're top understood as genome parasites exploiting the host genome due to their transmissional virtue, and are often deleterious for the organism wearing them. because the final compilation of B chromosome literature greater than two decades in the past, many new findings have contributed to development an expanding physique of data of those mysterious genetic parts. This unmarried subject factor of "Cytogenetic and Genome examine" updates those new facts in its forty papers authored through researchers from 19 international locations. It presents up to date reports on vegetation, fish, amphibians and mammals and, for the 1st time, on Sternorrhyncha hemipterans, decapodan crustaceans, helminth parasites and lizards. It additionally offers new unique information on many points of B chromosomes together with their definition, new occurrences, frequency, constitution, composition, beginning, results at the host genome, and extra.
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Additional info for B Chromosomes In The Eukaryote Genome (Cytogenetic & Genome Research)
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Dashes represent deletions, and boxes denote polymorphisms in exon regions each locus (Fig. 2). Consensus sequences were generated from the putative non-B alleles (sequences from group 1 and 2; Fig. 2) and hypothetical aneuploid alleles (group 3; Fig. 2), and comparisons of restriction enzyme sites between these sequences yielded diagnostic cleavage sites (Fig. 3a). For locus MVI11, an AlwNI site was found at approximately position 150 on the putative aneuploid allele while no corresponding site was found on the non-B allele (Fig.
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B Chromosomes In The Eukaryote Genome (Cytogenetic & Genome Research) by J.P.M. Camacho