By Isaac Kalimi, Peter J. Haas
This quantity includes fifteen essays categorised in 3 significant sections. a few of these essays increase theoretical and methodological matters whereas others specialize in particular topics. The time span levels from past due biblical interval to the present. the quantity displays the present considered a number of the significant students within the box in numerous shapes and contexts in addition to from various views: inner-biblical, qumranic, New testomony, a number of rabbinic literature (targumic, midrashic, halachic, and Medieval kabalistic), and a few glossy interpretation.
The essays displays the modern considered a few of the most excellent students within the box of biblical exegesis from numerous standpoints, circulate the biblical exegesis way past its traditional limits, and enhance the data and deeper the knowledge of the readers.
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Extra resources for Biblical Interpretation in Judaism and Christianity
Moreover, not only were Cohanim (men of priestly descent) forbidden to marry proselyte women (m. Qidd. 4:1), but even lay Israelites were advised, “Do not marry a proselyte woman” (b. Ber. 8b). 52 IV. Conclusion Why did the Rabbis resort to such deliberate misinterpretation and mistranslation contrary to the plain meaning of biblical texts? It must be pointed out that the Rabbis were well aware that they were frequently contradicting the peshat. 53 Nevertheless, when it was necessary to reach a judicial verdict or establish a halachic rule, it was considered essential to discover some biblical support, even if no more than an ćġĒĕĘć—a slight unconvincing support which the Talmud dismisses as it were as a support only (ćġĒĕĘć ćĕēęĈ, b.
E. he had himself circumcised; b. Sanh. 94a). On the other hand, based on the sounds of the words ĊĎĐČ—ĖĐĊČĊĎ, Rab’s colleague, Samuel, 42. 43. 44. 45. 46. 47. 48. 1 Horovitz–Finkelstein, 297. See y. Sanh. 3:10 (21c); b. Sanh. 27b. In contrast, Targum of 2 Chr 25:3–4 translated the Hebrew text verbatim. See t. Sanh. 11:6 and b. Sanh. 71a. Mekilta Yitro 1–2; Horovitz–Rabin, 189–91, 200. Horovitz–Finkelstein, 76. Compare the Akkadian word adu (“to be happy”); see CAD, H, 25. KALIMI Targumic and Midrashic Exegesis 27 maintained that Jethro’s ﬂesh was full of goose pimples (ĖĐĊČĊĎ ĖĐĊČĊĎ), that is to say that it crept with horror at the calamities that had befallen the Egyptians (Exod 18:8).
54 The entire process of halachic derash and its increasing distance from peshat is wonderfully illustrated in an Aggadah—a ﬁctional story told by Rab, the most prominent third-century Babylonian Amora and founder of the Yeshiva (talmudic academy) in Sura. ” Moses, anxious to see this phenomenal sage, was permitted to attend a lecture by Rabbi Akiba. Like an inferior student, Moses was seated eight rows behind those reserved for Rabbi Akiba’s more advanced disciples. Unable to understand the complicated halachic arguments, Moses was 52.
Biblical Interpretation in Judaism and Christianity by Isaac Kalimi, Peter J. Haas