By Michael Greenberg
An account of the actions of British retailers in China within the an important years sooner than the Treaty of Nanking (1842), which remodeled the kin among the Celestial Empire and the Western 'barbarians' and put them upon a footing that used to be to final for a hundred years. Mr Greenberg exhibits how this modification was once led to via the pressures of the increasing British economic climate of the early 19th century. a lot of the cloth relies at the papers of Jardine Matheson and Co., the single company of pre-treaty days to outlive, and the most important of the British organisations then tested in Canton.
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Extra resources for British Trade and the Opening of China 1800-42
Canton Miscellany, No. 2, 183 1 . g. see Chang-Su, China's Foreign Trade, 1919. 1 The truth was that, however unflattering to the British merchants, foreign trade mattered very little indeed in the Chinese economy. Hart's dictum on China's self-sufficiency has already been cited. 2 China's predominantly agrarian economy, in which 'forty centuries of farmers' supplied the bulk of their daily wants them selves and an urban small-scale manufacture of luxury goods provided for the consumption of the wealthy classes, extended over a sub-continent knit together by a huge internal commerce.
Dock Company. The House of Palmer, which was founded by John Palmer, who also came out to Calcutta in the 1780s, was the close associate of the rival Canton firm, Dents. Their London house was even more long-lived than that of 'our Broad Street friends', being variously known as Palmer & Horsley, Palmer Mackillop & Co. of Throgmorton Street, Old Jewry and other addresses. At a later period, after 1 834, Palmer Mackillop & Co. ) Another old-established East India House was that known under the names of a list of successive partners, but with one single address -the Bruce, Bazett, Farquhar, Crawford, Colvin firm of 71 Old Broad Street, whose Bombay firm Bruce Fawcett & Co.
Hart's dictum on China's self-sufficiency has already been cited. 2 China's predominantly agrarian economy, in which 'forty centuries of farmers' supplied the bulk of their daily wants them selves and an urban small-scale manufacture of luxury goods provided for the consumption of the wealthy classes, extended over a sub-continent knit together by a huge internal commerce. On the whole, the Company's servants had understood this in a general way, though even their best Sinologist, J. F. 3 Marjoribanks, a former President of the Select Committee of Supercargoes at Canton, who had lived there for 17 years, declared that the 'Chinese were as independent as any Govern ment in the world, of foreign trade' ; and Davis concurred.
British Trade and the Opening of China 1800-42 by Michael Greenberg