By Clifton A Ericson; Wiley InterScience (Online service)
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Extra resources for Concise encyclopedia of system safety : definition of terms and concepts
Autonomy is characterized into levels of autonomy by factors, such as mission complexity, environmental difficulty, and level of human–robot interaction to accomplish the missions. The two primary levels of autonomy are fully autonomous and semiautonomous. Finer-grained autonomy level designations can also be established and applied as necessary. The two levels of autonomy are defined as follows: • • Fully autonomous—A mode of operation wherein the UMS is expected to accomplish its mission, within a defined scope, without human intervention.
An audit can be either a formal or informal review of a program, to determine if objectives and requirements have been met. An audit also involves identifying deficiencies, problems, and issues. indd 31 4/6/2011 10:01:35 AM 32 SYSTEM SAFETY TERMS AND CONCEPTS The following are typical categories of items resulting from an audit: 1. Compliance—A compliance is the complete satisfaction of an objective or requirement. 2. Finding—A finding is the identification of a failure to show compliance to one or more of the objectives or requirements.
In some situations, the specific accident outcome can vary depending upon which PEs occur and which do not. These lead to the concept of a family of hazards, whereby the base hazard is the same, but the scenario and outcome come vary depending on which PEs actually occur. The term accident scenario is used in event tree analysis (ETA). See Event Tree Analysis (ETA), Initiating Event (IE), and Pivotal Event (PE) for additional related information. AMERICAN STANDARD CODE FOR INFORMATION INTERCHANGE (ASCII) The ASCII is a character-encoding scheme based on the ordering of the English alphabet.
Concise encyclopedia of system safety : definition of terms and concepts by Clifton A Ericson; Wiley InterScience (Online service)