Consciousness in the Physical World: Perspectives on - download pdf or read online

By Torin Alter, Yujin Nagasawa

ISBN-10: 0199927359

ISBN-13: 9780199927357

In line with Russellian monism, a substitute for the regular theories within the philosophy of brain that mixes beautiful elements of physicalism and dualism, topic has intrinsic homes that either represent recognition and function express bases for the dispositional homes defined in physics.

Consciousness within the actual World collects a number of works on Russellian monism, together with old decisions, contemporary classics, and new items. so much chapters are sympathetic with the view, yet a few are skeptical. jointly, they represent the 1st book-length remedy of the view itself, its courting to different theories, its motivations, and its difficulties.

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Extra resources for Consciousness in the Physical World: Perspectives on Russellian Monism

Example text

I wish to suggest, as a hypothesis which is simple and unifying though not demonstrable, a theory which I prefer to that of correspondence advanced by the Cartesians. We have agreed that mind and matter alike consist of series of events. We have also agreed that we know nothing about the events that make matter, except their space-time structure. What I suggest is that the events that make a living brain are actually identical with those that make the corresponding mind. All the reasons that will naturally occur to you for rejecting this view depend upon confusing material objects with those that you experience in sight and touch.

Therefore, they say, there is an idea of a + b, or of a and b together. Which is like saying that the mathematical square of a plus that of b is equal to the square of a + b, a palpable untruth. Idea of a + idea of b is not identical with idea of (a + b). It is one, they are two; in it, what knows a also knows b; in them, what knows a is expressly posited as not knowing b; etc. In short, the two separate ideas can never by any logic be made to figure as one and the same thing as the ‘associated’ idea.

There is, however, one important limitation to this. We need to know in what physical circumstances such-and-such a percept will arise, and we must not neglect the more intimate qualitative knowledge which we possess concerning mental events. There will thus remain a certain sphere which will be outside physics. To take a simple instance: physics might, ideally, be able to predict that at such a time my eye would receive a stimulus of a certain sort; it might be able to trace the physical properties of the resulting events in the eye and the brain, one of which is, in fact, a visual percept; but it could not itself give us the knowledge that one of them is a visual percept.

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Consciousness in the Physical World: Perspectives on Russellian Monism by Torin Alter, Yujin Nagasawa

by Daniel

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