Czech: An Essential Grammar - download pdf or read online

By James Naughton

ISBN-10: 0415287847

ISBN-13: 9780415287845

Czech: an important Grammar is a pragmatic reference advisor to the middle constructions and contours of recent Czech. featuring a clean and obtainable description of the language, this enticing grammar makes use of transparent, jargon-free causes and units out the complexities of Czech briefly, readable sections.

Suitable for both autonomous learn or for college kids in colleges, faculties, universities and grownup periods of all kinds, key gains include:

* specialize in the morphology and syntax of the language
* transparent factors of grammatical phrases
* complete use of real examples
* specified contents checklist and index for simple entry to information.

With an emphasis at the Czech that local audio system use this present day, Czech: a vital Grammar might help scholars to learn, communicate and write the language with better confidence.

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Extra resources for Czech: An Essential Grammar

Sample text

Fotografie David|a. A photograph of Jana/ David. Dopis od Jan|y. Dopis od David|a. A letter from Jana/David. 19 3 Nouns The dative primarily means ‘to/for’. It also follows a few prepositions, especially k/ke ‘towards’. Napsal Jan|B dopis. Napsal David|ovi dopis. He wrote a letter to Jana/ David. = He wrote Jana/ David a letter. Jde k Jan|B. S/he goes towards Jana/ David. Jde k David|ovi. The locative often denotes a fixed location, and is used only after prepositions. It follows prepositions such as v/ve ‘in’, na ‘on’, o ‘about (a theme, subject)’.

MuFe stroje muFR strojR 3 dat. muF|i, -ovi stroji muFRm strojRm 6 loc. (o) muF|i, -ovi (o) stroji (o) muFích strojích 7 ins. muFem strojem muF|i (*-ema) stroj|i (*-ema) 5 voc. muFi! but soudce! stroji! g. chlapec – chlapae! ’ Animates sometimes replace dative/locative sg. g. Miloe – (o) Miloeovi, but (o) Miloei Beneeovi (where Miloe is within a series). Some animates have nominative pl. g. otec – otcové ‘fathers’, král – králové ‘kings’, soudce – soudci or soudcové ‘judges’, zpravodaj -ové ‘news reporters’.

Bohu, voc. ; pl. nom. bohové/bozi bratr -a ‘brother’ pl. regular nom. , but as ‘brethren’ also pl. /gen. bratDí, dat. bratDím, loc. bratDích, ins. bratDími knBz -e ‘priest’ pl. /gen. knBFí, dat. knBFím, loc. knBFích, ins. knBFími kRC – konB ‘horse’ pl. /acc. konB, gen. koní, dat. koním, ins. koCmi, or regular koCR etc. rodiA -e ‘parent’ pl. /acc. rodiAe, gen. rodiAR etc. syn -a ‘son’ sg. voc. ; pl. nom. synové den – dne ‘day’ sg. /loc. dnu/dni, ve dne; pl. dny (dni), gen. dnR (dní), dat. dnRm, loc.

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Czech: An Essential Grammar by James Naughton

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