Darwin in Russian Thought - download pdf or read online

By Alexander Vucinich

ISBN-10: 0520062833

ISBN-13: 9780520062832

ISBN-10: 0585324069

ISBN-13: 9780585324067

Darwin in Russian concept represents the 1st complete and systematic research of Charles Darwin's effect on Russian inspiration from the early 1860s to the October Revolution. whereas focusing on the function of Darwin's thought within the improvement of Russian technology and philosophy, Vucinich additionally explores the dominant ideological and sociological interpretations of evolutionary concept, offering a deft research of the perspectives held through the leaders of Russian nihilism, populism, anarchism, and marxism.Darwin's pondering profoundly inspired highbrow discourse in Russia: it effected the emergence of "theoretical theology," a latest attempt to supply theological responses to the progressive adjustments within the typical sciences, contributed to the evolution of a latest medical neighborhood, and spurred the speedily turning out to be situation with the epistemological and moral foundations of technological know-how more often than not. Scholarly battles have been waged one of the critics of Darwin--Karl von Baer, Nikolai Iakovlevich Danilevskii and Sergei Ivanovich Korzhinskii, and others--and the defenders of the faith.Vucinich is ready to delineate the specific nationwide features of Russian Darwinism: the powerful effect of Lamarckian suggestion, the not on time acceptance of the contributions of genetics, the near-universal rejection of Social Darwinism, the early anticipation of the triumph of "evolutionary synthesis," and the heavy focus at the social and ethical features of evolutionary suggestion. Vividly argued and wealthy intimately, Darwin in Russian proposal presents a different glimpse into the Russian psyche.

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At the time when St. Petersburg and Moscow provided the most coveted academic positions, Kovalevskii and Mechnikov had no choice but to seek teaching positions in provincial universities, ― 43 ― equipped with poor laboratories and libraries and wanting in intellectual stimulus for sustained scientific work. Mechnikov's candidacy for a position in the Medical and Surgical Academy in St. Petersburg proved futile. He served sixteen years on the faculty of the newly founded Odessa University, resigning in 1882 to avoid the grueling pressure of academic intrigue and student unrest.

The liberal journal Knowledge was equally laudatory. It noted that the book was eminently successful on two counts: it offered a "rational explanation" of many expressions of human emotions, and it integrated the study of animal and human behavior into the universal process of organic evolution. [3] N. P. Vagner, professor of zoology and comparative anatomy at St. " The strength of the book lay much more in its suggestion of new topics for comparative-psychological research than in a presentation of a ― 52 ― theoretically and logically integrated system of scientific thought.

6] In one respect, however, Famintsyn showed extreme caution: he stood firmly on the position that "at the present time" the question of the origin of man continued to be without a scienrifically valid answer. He based his statement on two arguments. First, he thought that there was no sufficient empirical base for viewing the transformation of lower animals to higher animals as an indisputable scientific fact. Second, he was convinced that the material presented by Darwin invited contradic- ― 54 ― tory interpretations.

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Darwin in Russian Thought by Alexander Vucinich

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