Read e-book online Economic Facts and Fallacies PDF

By Thomas Sowell

ISBN-10: 0465003494

ISBN-13: 9780465003495

From considered one of America's such a lot exceptional economists, a quick, magnificent and revelatory e-book: the elemental rules humans most typically get improper approximately economics, and the way to consider the topic larger.
Economic proof and Fallacies exposes essentially the most well known fallacies approximately financial issues--and does so in a full of life demeanour and with no requiring any previous wisdom of economics through the readers. those fallacies contain many ideals greatly disseminated within the media and through politicians, resembling fallacies approximately city difficulties, source of revenue adjustments, male-female fiscal alterations, in addition to economics fallacies approximately academia, approximately race, and approximately 3rd global international locations.
one of many subject matters of Economic proof and Fallacies is that fallacies aren't easily loopy principles yet actually have a definite plausibility that provides them their staying power--and makes cautious exam in their flaws either worthy and significant, in addition to occasionally funny.
Written within the effortless to persist with variety of the author's Basic Economics, this most up-to-date e-book is ready to cross into better intensity, with actual international examples, on particular matters.

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In fact such congestion on highways and city streets during rush hours became a common problem in cities around the world. Traffic Congestion Congestion has generally tended to grow worse over time. In 1983, there was only one urbanized area in the United States where the average driver spent more than 40 hours a year stuck in rush hour traffic congestion but, 7 twenty years later, there were 25 such areas. Such congestion has economic, environmental and even medical consequences. A study of traffic congestion in France, for example, found that the number of jobs reachable in a given amount of time, such as half an hour, affected not only workers' access to better paying jobs but also affected businesses' access to more Urban Facts and Fallacies 17 customers, as well as access to more qualified employees, so that speedier traffic led to higher productivity.

As already noted, in just one decade— the 1960s— riots in Chicago's west side destroyed or forced the abandonment of an estimated three-quarters of that neighborhood's businesses. 47 Thus inhabitants of low-income neighborhoods— most of whom are neither criminals nor rioters— end up paying higher prices because of those among them who are. There is no need to attempt to determine the net effect of cities on costs in general. First of all, there is no such thing as costs in general. There are particular costs that matter differently to particular individuals and enterprises, and those individuals and enterprises can weigh for themselves the various costs and benefits that affect them.

Moreover, 39 40 Economie Facts and Fallacies even where causation is involved, that does not determine the direction of causation. D o bad physical surroundings promote bad behavior or does bad behavior cause physical surroundings to deteriorate and prevent people from earning higher incomes that would enable them to live in better surroundings? For well over a century, the prevailing view behind much government policy has been that bad physical surroundings promote crime and other activities detrimental to society and to the individuals who engage in these activities.

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Economic Facts and Fallacies by Thomas Sowell

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