By Katharine Dell
This quantity is drawn to what the outdated testomony and past (Dead Sea Scrolls and Targum) has to assert approximately moral behaviour via its characters, via its various portrayals of God and humanity in mutual discussion and during its authors. It covers quite a lot of genres of outdated testomony fabric akin to legislation, prophecy and knowledge. It takes key subject matters similar to friendship and the holy battle culture and it considers key texts. It considers authorial purpose within the portrayal of moral stances. It additionally hyperlinks up with wider moral concerns comparable to the surroundings and human engagement with the ‘dark aspect' of God.
It is a multi-authored quantity, however the unifying topic used to be made transparent before everything and participants have labored to that remit. This has led to a wide-ranging and engaging perception right into a overlooked region, yet person who is beginning to obtain elevated consciousness within the biblical area.
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Extra resources for Ethical and Unethical in the Old Testament: God and Humans in Dialogue
I IV 34 [cf. ANET, 75]). 21 The two attributes of life and wisdom appear together in Adapa, where the eponymous hero is endowed with one but not the other: “To him he (Ea) had given wisdom; eternal life he had not given him” (A 4 [cf. ANET, 101]22). On these two characteristics, wisdom and (eternal) life, the whole paradise narrative in Gen 2–3 may be said to turn. However, in contrast with the extrabiblical texts just quoted, it appears that life, even if only contingently perdurable, is available in the garden, and that “wisdom” initially lies beyond the experience of the ¿rst humans and proves to be a fateful acquisition when they obtain it.
ANET, 90])—but nothing of the sort is said in Genesis. Death is mentioned simply in the context of disobedience. Sentence Commuted? If there is good cause to regard death as the consequence of disobedience in Gen 3, the questions about the nature and the timing of that “death” still have to be addressed. Two explanations with established pedigrees are especially deserving of attention, viz. commutation of the death threat and metaphorical death. On the former view, God shows mercy to the humans, even though judgment cannot be set aside or death avoided inde¿nitely.
God may be speaking metaphorically in Gen 2:17, or he may subsequently have mitigated his original threat. This essay favours the ¿rst of these two possibilities. If the serpent speaks the truth, it is only in a highly quali¿ed sense. The mere statement of the woman, that the serpent deceived her, shows her awareness that, whatever is obtained through eating, it is not what she has expected. 19 The wise woman of Tekoa fawns on King David in 2 Sam 14 with “my lord the king is like the angel of God, discerning good and evil” (v.
Ethical and Unethical in the Old Testament: God and Humans in Dialogue by Katharine Dell