By ChaeRan Y. Freeze, Jay M. Harris
This e-book makes accessible—for the 1st time in English—declassified archival files from the previous Soviet Union, rabbinic resources, and formerly untranslated memoirs, illuminating daily Jewish existence because the web site of interplay and negotiation between and among pals, society, and the Russian kingdom, from the start of the 19th century to international struggle I. targeting faith, family members, wellbeing and fitness, sexuality, paintings, and politics, those records supply an intimate portrait of the wealthy range of Jewish existence. via personalizing collective adventure via person existence stories—reflecting not just the common but in addition the extraordinary—the assets demonstrate the tensions and ruptures in a vanished society. An introductory survey of Russian Jewish background from the Polish walls (1772–1795) to international struggle I combines with prefatory feedback, textual annotations, and a bibliography of steered readings to supply a brand new standpoint at the background of the Jews of Russia.
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Additional resources for Everyday Jewish Life in Imperial Russia: Select Documents, 1772-1914
27 In contrast to their fellow townspeople, Jews at least were exempt from military service, but they had to pay a tax of 500 rubles for the privilege. Although the majority of Jews resided in small market towns, some made their home in villages, engaging in dairy farming, milling, innkeeping, and distilling alcohol. 30 The Imperial Context [ 5 ] Prereform Russia (1801–55) The first half of the nineteenth century marked the transition from enlightened absolutism to preparations for the Great Reforms.
117 When some commanders, despite the injunction to avoid coercion, did conduct wholesale conversions to satisfy Nicholas’s expectations, they met with resistance and evasion. 120 Despite the notorious Nikolaevan p enchant for bureaucratic obfuscation,121 the bureaucratic narratives are permeated with contradictions that expose the gap between imperial wish and local reality. Whereas the state imagined the military as the ideal site to transform the cantonist into a loyal subject of a patriarchal society, the effort contravened the principle of “unquestioned paternal obedience” by requiring Jewish cantonists “to abjure the faith of their fathers” and embrace Russian Orthodoxy.
111 Quite apart from the lengthy term and harsh conditions, the army’s practice of coercive conversion aroused horror and trepidation. Although in principle soldiers had the right to practice their religion in the military, Jewish cantonists were subject to intense missionary pressure that emanated from the emperor himself. Orthodoxy—one of the three central pillars of Nikolaevan ideology—served to promote uniformity and discipline in the army. ] Protasov [chief procurator of the Holy Synod]. ” 114 Military commanders had several explanations for the lethargic pace of conversion.
Everyday Jewish Life in Imperial Russia: Select Documents, 1772-1914 by ChaeRan Y. Freeze, Jay M. Harris