By Michael Lewis
It is often enlightening to inquire in regards to the origins of a examine en deavor or a selected theoretical strategy. starting with the observa tion of the psychological lifetime of the child in 1962, Michael Lewis has contrib uted to the switch within the view of the child as an insensate mass of bewilderment to a fancy and highbrow being. a person lucky adequate to have participated within the infancy learn of the Nineteen Sixties understands how interesting it was once to have stumbled on during this small creature the sort of complete and intricate organism. extra principal to the origins of this paintings used to be the notion of the newborn as an interactive, no longer a reactive, organism, and as person who stimulated its social setting and built its cogni tive existence, no longer one that simply passively obtained details. different parts of psychology had already began to conceptualize the organism as lively and interactive, even whereas developmental psychologists nonetheless clung to both uncomplicated studying paradigms, social reinforcement theories, or reflex ive theories. although Piaget had proposed an tricky interactive conception, it used to be no longer until eventually the overdue Nineteen Sixties that his ideals have been absolutely im plemented into developmental conception and perform. A concurrent pattern used to be the rise of shock with mother-infant interactions (Ainsworth, 1969; Bowlby, 1969; Goldberg & Lewis, 1969; Lewis & Goldberg, 1969) which supplied the impetus for the research of social and emotional in addition to cognitive development.
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Additional resources for Social Cognition and the Acquisition of Self
Ontogenetic Trends The topic of mirror-image stimulation in infancy has been of interest since the time of Darwin, although only recently have more "scientific" studies of infants' responses to mirrors appeared and more "objective" measures of self recognition developed. Three different sources of information on mirror-image stimulation will be reviewed: diaries of infant development, infant intelligence tests, and experimental studies. Early and Anecdotal Accounts of Self Recognition. The potency of the mirror for the young is undisputed.
001), but not for 21- to 24-month-olds. 01]. Although maternal and self mark recognition each increased with age, the increase was much more pronounced for the self. The Effect of Maternal Mark Recognition on Subsequent Self Recognition The Mother Rouge Condition was designed as a training or facilitating technique for self-directed mark recognition. The incidence of mark recognition in the two mirror and maternal conditions was compared by 45 MIRROR REPRESENTATIONS OF SELF looking at mark-directed behavior in the Rouge 1 and 2 Conditions.
For example, Dixon did not systematically control time spent in front of the mirror and Amsterdam placed her infants in a playpen for a 71/2 min observation. Fourth, the operational definitions of visual self recognition need to be specified. Most of the behavioral indices-observing one's movements in the mirror (Dixon, 1957), turning to the mirror as one's name is called (Darwin, 1877), and recognizing one's mother in the mirror (Preyer, 1893)-are interesting but certainly not rigorous or convincing.
Social Cognition and the Acquisition of Self by Michael Lewis