By John R. Staples
A nearby background of colonization and model in southern Ukraine, Cross-Cultural Encounters at the Ukrainian Steppe examines how varied agrarian teams, confronted with universal environmental, financial, and administrative stipulations, sharply divergent paths of improvement. utilizing a wide selection of assets, together with neighborhood Ukrainian and Russian data by no means earlier than tested through a western student, John Staples compares and contrasts how the Mennonites, Nogais, Russians, Ukrainians, and different teams remodeled their environments and tailored to existence within the Molochna Valley.
Staples contends that the allocation and use of land shaped a important hub round which public lifestyles in Molochna revolved, and made up our minds the good fortune or failure of every crew. eventually, he concludes, it was once the settlers, no longer the country, who determined how they might adapt to the arid southern Ukrainian steppe. maybe most significantly, Staples makes a huge contribution to the research of the way peasant teams can emerge from their traditionalist mentality and way of life because the Mennonites of Molochna did. His considerate research might be a great addition to the examine of either Tsarist peasant heritage and Russian and Ukrainian agricultural and peasant history.
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Additional resources for Cross-Cultural Encounters on the Ukrainian Steppe: Settling the Molochna Basin, 1784-1861
The resulting economic growth helped mitigate the social tensions that had grown out of differentiation in Mennonite society. Orthodox state peasants developed their own solutions to the problems of overcrowding and land shortages. These are examined in Chapter 6. Poor peasants used the state's renewed interest in Molochna to apply their definitions of justice and equity in land distribution, forcing the introduction of land repartition. As a consequence the Orthodox peasants' path of economic development diverged sharply from that of foreign colonists, and the peasants sank into economic stagnation.
1) [It] is on the very borders of Rubenovska and Serogozska [villages], and if they settle there, it will lead to disputes without end; (2) In all of the allotted lands ... '1 The words of these disgruntled peasants reveal important characteristics of the Russian colonization process. First, it was controlled and administered by the state. The state assigned the peasants preselected land and even designated the location of their village on that land. The peasants, however, were not simply helpless subjects of the state.
They were represented at consultative assemblies on the rare occasions when these assemblies met ... They had personal property rights and could undertake all manner of financial commitments. They could buy land, though not estates with serfs. Their children could enter universities. V. Aleksandrov phrases it, they were 'the peasantry ... M. D. Kiselev. 20 However, Druzhinin does not find - or even look for - any significant distinctions between state peasants and serfs. Instead, he concentrates on their economic exploitation through unjust and corruptly administered fiscal programs.
Cross-Cultural Encounters on the Ukrainian Steppe: Settling the Molochna Basin, 1784-1861 by John R. Staples