By Stephen Frank, Stephen Frank, Mark D. Steinberg
The preferred tradition of city and rural tsarist Russia published a dynamic and afflicted international. Stephen Frank and Mark Steinberg have collected the following a various choice of essays via Western and Russian students who query traditional interpretations and remember missed tales approximately well known habit, politics, and tradition. What emerges is a brand new photograph of lower-class lifestyles, within which traditions and ideas intermingled and social obstacles and identities have been battered and reconstructed. The authors vividly express the power in addition to the contradictions of social lifestyles in previous regime Russia, whereas additionally confronting difficulties of interpretation, method, and cultural concept. They inform of peasant demise rites and spiritual ideals, kinfolk relationships and brutalities, defiant peasant ladies, people songs, city enjoyment parks, expressions of renowned patriotism, the penny press, staff' notions of the self, road hooliganism, and makes an attempt through knowledgeable Russians to remodel well known festivities. jointly, the authors painting pop culture no longer as a static, separate global, yet because the dynamic capability wherein lower-class Russians engaged the realm round them. as well as the editors, the individuals to this quantity are Daniel R. Brower, Barbara Alpern Engel, Hubertus F. Jahn, Al'bin M. Konechnyi, Boris N. Mironov, Joan Neuberger, Robert A. Rothstein, and Christine D. Worobec.
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Extra info for Cultures in Flux
M. M. Gromyko and T. A. Listova (Moscow, 1989), 7–9. 38 BARBARA ALPERN ENGEL their husbands and fathers. Only under unusual circumstances did women serve as heads of households, and never did they serve as village elders. In the overwhelming majority of villages, women were barred from participating in the assembly (skhod) that governed community affairs such as the allocation of land and taxes. Moreover, women lacked direct access to the land that was so often the cause of confrontations with outside authorities.
Census takers counting heads and assessing property might find reasons to raise peasants’ taxes. Land surveys might deprive them of land they considered theirs. 4 The threats outsiders posed to the peasants’ survival prompted peasants to engage in overt and collective conflict with these enemies, despite 2 See, for example, Rose L. Glickman, Russian Factory Women: Workplace and Society, 1880–1914 (Berkeley, 1984), chap. 2. 3 For two of the latest sallies, see Elvira M. Wilbur, “Peasant Poverty in Theory and Practice: A View from Russia’s ‘Impoverished Center’ at the End of the Nineteenth Century”; and Stephen G.
2 WOMEN, MEN, AND THE LANGUAGES OF PEASANT RESISTANCE, 1870–1907 Barbara Alpern Engel O N SEPTEMBER 16, 1872, the former state peasants of Zhilomostnoe and Pravorot’ villages in Kursk province confronted the official who had come to survey their land at the governor’s orders. The entire population of the villages stood facing the surveyor, the women with babies at their breast in the forefront. ” the women placed their children on the ground in front of them and blocked the surveyor’s path. Each time he tried to proceed in a different direction, the women threw their infants under a bush directly in his way, then screened the bush with their bodies.
Cultures in Flux by Stephen Frank, Stephen Frank, Mark D. Steinberg